Kamma Caste Demographics –A Brief Introduction

The Kamma community/caste, which accounts for around 5-6 percent of the combined population of the two Telugu-speaking states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, is one of the most significant communities in terms of wealth, influence, pull, intelligence, and charity. Nonetheless, Kammas are not extensively distributed geographically between the two states, as their presence is limited to a few regions. They are most common in Krishna, Guntur, Prakasham, Godavari Districts, Ananthapur, and Chittoor, and to a lesser extent in Nellore and Kurnool. Vishakhapatnam is a business hub with a lot of state and central companies, so Kammas moved to the district capital to find better opportunities.

They are a significant socioeconomic class in Khammam, Nizamabad, and Warangal, Telangana. As the former state capital of Andhra Pradesh, people from all across the state moved to Hyderabad, linking the former Rangareddy and Mahaboobnagar districts, which included a major chunk of Kammas. In most constituencies and municipal divisions in Hyderabad, Kammas continue to be a deciding factor in the fortunes of election candidates. Mahabubnagar, Adilabad, Karimnagar, and Medak are some other Telangana districts with a small number of Kammas.

Kammas in Tamilnadu.

During the reign of Vijayanagar, Kammas and other Telugu-speaking castes migrated in considerable numbers to Tamilnadu. Today, Kammas may be found in all regions of Tamilnadu, including the north, south, and west, and the overall number of Kammas in the state is estimated to be approximately 40 lakh. This figure is approximately equivalent to the sum of Kammas in AP and Telangana combined. Even after generations of migration, the Kammas still speak Telugu at home, despite their lack of writing and reading skills. Kammas are known as Naickers or Kammavar Naidus in Telugu, and are also known as Vadugars in Tamilnadu.

Kammas in other states

There are a few ancient proverbs that describe the hardworking nature of Kammas and their agricultural prowess. One such adage, “Even land fears Kammas” ( ), expresses clearly how this social elite, which has been primarily dependent on agriculture for generations, uses land effectively for maximum yield and unusual experimentation. The other frequently repeated phrase “A community that is seen where water is available” ( ) historically demonstrated that Kammas in quest of water and lush regions left their home lands and travelled long distances. Many Kamma families have relocated to neighbouring states of Karnataka (Bellary, Gangavati, Kolar, Chikballapur, Bangalore, and a few other locations), Orissa, and Maharashtra (Vidharbha Region). With their hard work and social norms, this community acquired respect from the local population and societies wherever they moved.

In considerable numbers, Kammas have travelled in considerable numbers to other nations in the last three to four decades in search of higher education and better economic possibilities. Though significant relocation occurred in the United States, Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom, other countries such as Germany, France, New Zealand, and the Middle East also saw significant relocation.

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